D/deaf and Hearing Impairments
In the UK, hearing loss is common, it affects 12 million people in the UK. Hearing loss and deafness happen when sound signals don’t reach the brain. This is caused by a problem in the hearing system.
There are two main types of healing loss. It’s possible to have both types, and this is known as mixed hearing loss.
Sensorineural hearing loss
This is caused by damage to the hair cells inside the inner ear, or damage to the hearing nerve, or both.
It makes it more difficult to hear quiet sounds and reduces the quality of sound that you can hear.
Sensorineural hearing loss is permanent, but can often be treated with hearing aids.
Conductive hearing loss
This happens when a blockage, such as ear wax, stops sound passing from your outer ear to your inner ear.
Sounds will become quieter and things might sound muffled. It can be temporary or permanent.
Conductive hearing loss is usually caused by ear problems.
D/deaf and Hearing Impairments differences
The word deaf is used to describe or identify anyone who has a severe hearing problem. Sometimes it is used to refer to people who are severely hard of hearing too. We use Deaf with a capital D to refer to people who have been deaf all their lives, or since before they started to learn to talk.
If you are a Deaf student you are likely to have British Sign Language as a first language and English will be a second language. You would mostly communicate via sign language and will usually require the support of a Sign Language Interpreter. You may also lip-read as part of communication.
If you are deaf or have a hearing impairment you may have hearing aids and use those as well as lip-reading to communicate. Induction loops may be used in lecture theatres or in different places in university to support the hearing aids.
How might this affect my studies?
Depending on the severity of your condition it might impact upon hearing what has been said by tutors in lectures. If you are a British sign language user, you may experience language difficulties working with English language.
How to Disclose:
If you have a hearing impairment it can be helpful to disclose this to the Disability service in order to look into accessing support through the Disability Service.
There are a range of ways to disclose a hearing impairment at the university.
· You can fill in a disclosure form and provide this to student services. The link can be found here: https://www.bolton.ac.uk/assets/Uploads/Disclosure-Form.pdf
· You can call the Disability service on 01204 903478 or email on email@example.com to make an appointment to discuss possible support available. You do not need to disclose your condition outside the Disability team if you prefer.
· You can attend a Disability drop in at the student centre. Drop in times are usually Mon, Tuesday and Wednesday 2.30-4pm though these can vary according to staffing.
Disability Service: Support Available
At the Disability service we can provide a range of support. Depending on your eligibility and individual needs, this can include:
· Disabled Students Allowance: This is an individualised support package which students may be able to apply for and can result in recommendations for assistive software such as support recording lectures and support workers such as BSL interpreters, note takers and language support tutors. More information can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/disabled-students-allowances-dsas/overview
· Exam Support: Disability service can arrange exam support which can include extra time and adapted questions in plain English depending on the individual needs of the student.
· Notification: An individual notification can be sent to your academic department to advise tutors of inclusive teaching adjustments.
· Lectures slides in advance: We can ask your tutors to provide copies of your lecture notes in advance in order that you can review them effectively.
· Equipment Loan: Disability service has limited numbers of Dictaphones and laptops which can be loaned out to students on a short term basis.
Anything else you want to know?
Contact the Disability Service on 01204 903478 / firstname.lastname@example.org
Students with Hearing Impairments: How to assist lip readers.
BSL: Students Using a BSL Interpreter: